Sekar Wulan Prasetyaningtyas, Afif Darmawan, Bevi Prapasatya Puhirta, Doni Ardono Kusmanto


Construction is one of the sectors that the government relies on to contribute to national growth; the impact of this policy is that the number on the projects is not balanced with construction experts, thereby increasing the workload of construction employees, coupled with the pandemic, limiting construction project activities which are labour-intensive activities that require a lot of interaction and physical activity in the field. This study aims to determine the impact of a workload and responsibility load on work stress and job performance in construction projects during the pandemic. This research uses a correlational descriptive quantitative approach; the population in this study is 100 construction employees in Indonesia. The sampling technique is total sampling with multiple linear regression. The result showed that workload significantly affects the responsibility load on construction project workers in Indonesia. The workload has a positive and significant impact on Indonesian construction project workers. Responsibility load has a positive and significant effect on Workstress on Project Construction workers in Indonesia. The influence of responsibility load on work stress is negative and significant. Work stress on employees does not affect job performance on employees. Namely, there is no effect if construction employees have high work stress on their work. It does not affect job performance. The work stress variable has no positive or significant effect on job performance. Further research can incorporate variables that influence job performance, such as workload, responsibility load, work stress, and others, to improve job performance at construction.


Workload; Responsibility Load; Work stress; Job performance; Construction Project; Pandemic

Full Text:



Adekunle, S. A. and Lucent-Iwhiwhu, H.E.O. 2014. Conceptual Approach to Manpower Planning in Organizations. Journal of Management and Corporate Governance.

Ahmad, J. 2018. Desain Penelitian Analisis Isi (Content Analysis). ResearchGate.

Aini, Q. 2014. The Influence of Workload and Work Stress on Patient Safety Attitude on Nurses. J Biol, Agriculture, and Healthcare, 4(28), 93-101.

Arshadi, N. and Damiri, H. 2013. The Relationship of Job Stress with Turnover Intention and Job Performance: Moderating Role of OBSE. Elsevier Ltd.

Aryanta, I. K., Sitiari, N. W., and Yasa, P. N. S. 2019. Influence of Motivation on Job Stress, Job Satisfaction and Job Performance at Alam Puri Villa Art Museum and Resort Denpasar. Jurnal Ekonomi and Bisnis JAGADITHA, 6(2), 113-120.

Blaug, R., Kenyon, A. and Lekhi, R.. 2007. Stress at Work: a Report Prepared for The Work Foundation's Principal Partners. London: Work Foundation.

Brennan, D. S., and A J. Spencer. 2010. Responsibility Loadings for Dental Services by General Dentists. BMC Health Services Research.

Deng, J., Y. Guo, T. Ma, T. Yang and X. Tian. 2019 How Job Stress Influences Job Performance Among Chinese Healthcare Workers: A Cross-Sectional Study. Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine.

Djalil, R. D. 2020. Analisis Penerapan K3 Terhadap Pengetahuan, Sikap Dan Pengaruh Kesadaran Perilaku K3 Dengan Metode Regresi Linear Berganda Pada Proyek Kontruksi Gudang Garam Unit IX. Doctoral dissertation, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya.

Ehsan. 2019. The Impact of Work Stress on Employee Productivity: Based in the Banking Sector of Faisalabad, Pakistan. International Journal of Innovation and Economic Development.

Erat S, K. H. 2017. The Effect of Organizational Loads on Work Stress, Emotional Commitment, and Turnover Intention. International Journal of Organizational Leadership.

Gamil, Y. and A. Alhagar. 2020. The Impact of Pandemic Crisis on the Survival of Pandemic Crisis on the Survival of COVID-19. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences.

Gohary, K. E. 2012. Towards Improving Construction Labor Productivity and Projects' Performance. Alexandria Engineering Journal.

Izetbegović, J. and Nahod, M.-M. 2014. Creative Construction Conference.

Kirmeyer, S. L. and Dougherty, T. W. 1998. Workload, Tension, and Coping: Moderating Effects of Supervisor Support. Personnel Psychology, 125-139.

Kissi, E. 2019. Ascertaining The Interaction Effects Among Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Work Overload, and Employees Performance in The Ghanaian Construction Industry. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management.

Kokoroko, E. and Sanda, M. A. 2019. Effect of Workload on Job Stress of Ghanaian OPD Nurses: The Role of Coworker Support. Safety and Health at Work, 10(3), 341-346.

Lee, J. S., Joo, E. J., and Choi, K. S. 2013. Perceived Stress and Self-Esteem Mediate the Effects of Work-Related Stress on Depression. Stress and Health.

Leung, M. C. 2011. Structural Linear Relationships Between Job Stress, Burnout, Physiological Stress, and Performance of Construction Project Managers. Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management.

Luthans, F. 2006. Developing The Psychological Capital of Resiliency. Sage Journal.

Maiti. 2008. Workload Assessment in Building Construction Related Activities in India. Applied Ergonomics.

Markham. 1989. Managing Stress: The Practical Guide to Using Stress Positively. Dorset: Element Books Ltd.

Mathis, R. L., J. H. Jackson, and S. R. Valentine. 2015. Human Resource Management: Essential Perspectives. Cengage Learning.

Mauladi, F., and Dihan, F. N. 2015. Pengaruh Stres Kerja Pada Kinerja Karyawan Dengan Kecerdasan Emosional Sebagai Variabel Moderasi (Studi pada Karyawan Rumah Sakit Condong Catur Yogyakarta). EFEKTIF Jurnal Bisnis dan Ekonomi,, 6(2), 51-62.

Maulana, R. 2019. Indonesia Kekurangan Tenaga Ahli Jasa Konstruksi. [Online]. From:

McGrath, S. K. and Whitty, S. J. 2018. Accountability and Responsibility Defined. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business.

Munandar, A. 2011. Psikologi Industri dan Organisasi. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia (UI-Press).

Park, J. 2007. Work Stress and Job Performance. Statistic Canada Catalogue. No: 75-001-XIE.

Prasetyo M. F. Y. Y. 2017. The Influence of Work Experience, Psychological Capital and Responsibility Towards the Effectiveness of Employee in The Semarang National Land Agency with The Workload as The Intervening Variable. Journal of Management.

Prasidananto Nur Santoso, B. H. 2017. Perspektif BurnoutPada Manajer Proyek di Indonesia. Jurnal Teknik Industri.

Rizky, D. and Afrianty, T. W. 2018. Pengaruh beban kerja terhadap stres kerja dengan work life balance sebagai variabel intervening (Studi Pada Dinas Sosial Provinsi Jawa Timur Surabaya). Jurnal Administrasi Bisnis, 61(4), 47-53.

Robbins, P. S. 2003. Perilaku Organisasi. Jakarta: PT. Indeks Kelompok Gramedia.

Scotter, V. J., Motowidlo, S. J., and Cross, T. C. 2000. Effects of Task Performance and Contextual Performance on Systemic Rewards. Journal of Applied Psychology.

Sekaran, U. and Bougie, R. 2017. Metode Penelitian Untuk Bisnis. (6th ed.). Jakarta: Salemba Empat.

Simamora, H. 2004. Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Yogyakarta: STIE YPKN.

Sinambela, L. P. 2016. Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Jakarta: PT. Bumi Aksara.

Soelton, M. and Atnani, M. 2018. How Work Environment, Work Satisfaction, Work Stress on the Turnover Intention Affect University Management. Jurnal Manajemen Bisnis Indonesia.

Spagnoli, P. 2019. Workload, Workaholism, and Job Performance: Uncovering Their Complex Relationship.

Steven, H. J. and Prasetio, A. P. 2020. Pengaruh Stres Kerja Dan Kepuasan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan. Jurnal Penelitian IPTEKS, 5(1), 78-88.

Taylor, J. E. 2017. Assessing Task Mental Workload in Construction Projects: A Novel Electroencephalography Approach. Journal of Construction Engineering and Management.

Veldhoven, M. V. 2014. An Introduction to Contemporary Work Psychology. (M. C. Peeters, J. D. Jonge, and T. W. Taris, Eds.). West Sussex: John Wiley and Sons.

Wartono, T. 2017. Pengaruh Stres Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan (Studi Pada Karyawan Majalah Mother and Baby). KREATIF: Jurnal Ilmiah Prodi Manajemen Universitas Pamulang, 4(2).

Weiner, I. B. 2013. Hand Book of Psychology. John Wiley and Sons.

Wijaya, A. 2018. Pengaruh Beban Kerja Terhadap Kepuasan Kerja Dengan Stres Kerja Sebagai Variabel Mediasi Pada Pekerja Di Hotel Maxone Di Kota Malang. Parsimonia-Jurnal Ekonomi dan BisniParsimonia-Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis, 4(3), 278-288.

Yu, J., Park, J., and Hyun, S. S. 2021. Impacts of The COVID-19 Pandemic on Employees' Work Stress, Well-Being, Mental Health, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, and Employee-Customer Identification. Journal of Hospitality Marketing and Management, 30(5), 529–548.



  • There are currently no refbacks.