Kristantiya Andreastika, Imam Santoso, Panji Deoranto


 Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) are the business Group that become important part in the development of the national economy, and also as strategic sector for the nation of Indonesia. The increasing of the number MSMEs is not accompanied by an increase the quality and competitiveness to face the competition from other MSMEs, many factor which influenced toward the increased of performance and competitiveness should come first, as well as reduce the problems that become obstacles the development MSMEs. The problems faced by MSMEs in Malang Regency including managerial aspect to managed business and government policies that have not fully give benefit for micro and macro business. The purpose of this research is to analyze influence of business management variables (X1) and government policies (X2) on the performance (Y1) competitiveness (Y2) food agro industrial MSMEs in Malang. The research used Partial Least Square (PLS) method to analyzing the data. Respondents of this study are 30 MSMEs, who were taken using purposive sampling technique. The results showed that the variables of business management not significant effect on performance and significant effect on the competitiveness of MSMEs. Government policies have a significant effect on the performance of MSMEs and not significant effect on competitiveness. Performance of MSMEs has a significant effect on competitiveness. Variable business management provides the strongest direct influence on the competitiveness of MSMEs.


Business Management; Government Policy; Partial Least Square (PLS); SMEs.

Full Text:



Abdullah, B. 2006. Menanti Kemakmuran Negeri: Kumpulan Esai Tentang Pembangunan Sosial Ekonomi Indonesia. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta.

Baron, R. M dan Kenny, D. A., 1986. The Moderator- Mediator Variable Distinction in Social Psychological Research: Conceptual, Strategic, and Statistical Considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Vol 51 (6): 1173-1182.

Cocca, P. dan Alberti, M. 2010. A framework to assess performance measurement systems in SMEs. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management Vol 59 (2): 186–200.

Cziráky, D. T dan A. Pisaroviæ. 2005. Determinant of Low Approval Rate In Croatia. Small Business Economic 25: 347-372.

Eniola,A.,A. 2015. Government Policy and Performance of Small and Medium Business Management. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences. 5 (2):237-248.

Ghozali, I. 2008. Structural Equation Modeling , Metode Alternatif dengan Partial Least Square Edisi 2. Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang.

Ghozali, I. 2011. Structural Equation Modeling , Metode Alternatif dengan Partial Least Square Edisi 3. Badan Penerbit Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang.

Hair, J. F., Hult, T. M., Ringle, C., Sarstedt, M. 2014. A Prime on Partial Least Square Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). SAGE Publication, Inc. California.

Jogiyanto dan Abdillah, W. 2009. Konsep dan Aplikasi PLS (Partial Least Square) untuk Penelitian Empiris. BP-FE. Yogyakarta.

Kamble, R. R. 2010. Managerial Skills for Organizational Performance : An Analitycal Study. Indian Streams Research Journal. Vol. 1: 23-27.

Munizu, M. 2010. Pengaruh Faktor-Faktor Eksternal dan Internal Terhadap Kinerja Usaha Mikro dan Kecil (UMK) di Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan 12(1): 33-41.

Preacher, K. J dan Hayes, A. F., 2004. SPSS and SAS Procedures for Estimating Indirect Effects in Simple Mediation Models. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers Vol 36 (4) : 717-731.

Setyawan, A. A., Isa. M., Wajdi, F. M, Syamsudin., Nugroho, P. 2015. An Assessment of SME Competitiveness in Indonesia. Journal of Competitivenessvol 7(2):60-74.

Tambunan T. 2010. Ukuran Daya Saing Koperasi dan IKM. Background Study RPJM Nasional Tahun 2010-2014 Bidang Pemberdayaan Koperasi dan IKM, Bappenas. Jakarta (ID): Pusat Studi Industri dan IKM, Universitas Trisakti, Kadin Indonesia.



  • There are currently no refbacks.