Pengaruh Tanggung Jawab Sosial Perusahaan terhadap Komitmen Organisasi dan Kinerja Karyawan

Anwar Hamdani, I Gusti Putu Diva Awatara


Abstract: Not much research focuses on corporate social responsibility toward commitment of employees. This study aims toanalyze the influence of corporate social responsibility toward Employee Performance and the role of organization commitment in mediating the effect of corporate social responsibility toward Employee Performance. This research was exploratory research based on primary data. Primary data was collected from professional employees who work in different organizations. The population in this study is the professional employees of different organizations or institutions where such organization or institution has been carrying out CSR activities in the city of Surakarta. The sample in this study amounted to 100 employees using simple random sampling technique. The analysis technique used in this research is the path analysis; hypothesis testing using t-test, F test and coefficient of determination. The results showed that corporate social responsibility (CSR) and the commitment of the organization can affect the performance of employees so that social responsibility becomes very important in helping improve the welfare of employees so that impact employee commitment to the organization increases and gives a good reputation for the company to provide benefits competitive and create the maximum employee performance.


corporate social responsibility (CSR); organizational commitment; employee performance

Full Text:



Albinger, H.S., & Freeman, S.J. 2000. Corporate Social Performance and Attractiveness as an Employer to Different Job Seeking Population. Journal. Business. Ethics. 28.243–253.

Ali, I., Rehman, K.U., Yilmaz, A.K., Nazir, S., and Ali, J.F. 2010. Effect of Coprorate Social Responsibility on Consumer Retention in Cellular Industry of Pakistan. Africa Journal Business Management 4(4): 475–485.

Ali, I., Rehman, K.U., Ali, S.I., Yousaf, J., and Zia, M. 2010. Corporate Social Responsibility Influences, Employee Commitment and Organization Performancce. African Journal of Buusiness Management. Vol. 4(12). pp. 2796–2801.

Arx, U.V., & Ziegler A. 2008. The Effects of CSR on Stock Performance: New Evidence for USA and Europe. Economic Working Paper Series. Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich.

As’ad, M. 2005, Psikologi Industri, Edisi keempat, Yogyakarta: Liberty

Backhuas, K.B., Stone, B.A., and Heiner, K. 2002. Exploring The Relationship Between Corporate Social Responsibility and Employer Attractiveness. Business Society. 41. 292–318.

Brammer, S., Millington, A., Rayton, B. 2007. The Contribution of Corporation Social Responsibility to Organization Commitment. International Journal Human Resources Management. 18(10). 1701–1719.

Budiartha, K. 2008. Cara Pandang Undang-Undang RI No. 40 Tahun 2007 dan Undang-Undang RI No. 17 Tahun 2000 terhadap Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Buletin Studi Ekonomi. Volume 13 Nomor 2 Tahun 2008.

Cochran, P.L., & Wood, R.A. 1984. Corporate Social Responsibility and Financial Performance. Academy Management Journal. 27(1):42–56.

Dawkins, J. 2004. The Public’s Views of Corporate Responsibility. MORI. Faustino Cardoso Gomes, 2003. Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Andi.

Freeman, R.E. 2002. Strategic management: A stakeholder Approach. Boston: Pitman.

Greening, D.W., & Turban, D.B. 2002. Corporate Social Performance as a Competitive Advantage in Attracting Quality Workforce. Bussiness Society. 39. 254–280.

Harif, A.R. 2001. Pengaruh Kepuasan Gaji, Kepuasan Kerja dan Komitmen Organisasional Terhadap Intensi Keluar. Jurnal Bisnis dan Akuntansi. Vol. 3. No. 1. hal. 335–352.

Heslin, P.A., and Achoa, J.D. 2008. Understanding and Developing Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility. Organization Dynamics. 27(2):125–144.

Jewell, L.L., dan Marc, S. 2001. Psikologi Industri atau Organisasi Modern. Jakarta: Penerbit Arcan.

Mangkunegara, A.P. 2007. Evaluasi Kinerja SDM. Bandung: Refika Aditama.

McWilliams, A., & Siegall, D. 2001. Corporate Social Responsibility: a Theory of Firm’s Perspective. Academy Management Review., 26(1):117–127.

Meyer, J.P., Stanley, D.J., Herscovitch, L., Topolnytsky L. 2002. Affective, Continuance and Normative Commitment to The Organization: a Meta Analysis of Antecedents, Corelates and Consequences. Journal Vocation Behavior. 61:20 52.

Mutiara, S.P. 2004. Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia.

Pabundu, T. 2008. Budaya Organisasi dan Peningkatan Kinerja Perusahaan. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Peterson, D.K. 2004. The Relationship Between Perceptions of Corporate Citizenship and Organizational Commitment. Bus. Soc. 43. 296–319.

Reksodiputro, M. 2005, Sektor Bisnis (Corporate) Sebagai Subyek Hukum Dalam Kaitan Dengan HAM, Penerbit Refika Aditama.

Robbins, S.P. 2006. Perilaku Organisasi, Konsep – Kontroversial – Aplikasi, Jilid I, Edisi Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: PT Prenhallindo.

Sedarmayanti. 2008. Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia: Reformasi Birokrasi dan Manajemen Pegawai Negeri Sipil. Bandung: Refika Aditama.

Sharma, S., Sharma, J., and Devi, A. 2009. Corporate Social Responsibility: The Key Role of Human Resource Management. Business Intellegence Journal. 2 (1). pp. 205–215.

Stawiski, S., Deal, J.J., and Gentry, W. 2010. Employees Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility: The Implications for Your Organization. Quick View Leadership Series, Center for Creative Leadership. USA.

Theresa, A., Joiner, and Steve, B. 2006. The Antecedents of Organizational Commitment: The Case of Australian Casual Academics. International Journal of Educational Management. Vol. 20, Issues 6, pp. 439–452.



  • There are currently no refbacks.