THE EFFECT OF EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING ON ATTITUDES AND INTENTION: AN EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN

Denny Bernardus, Fulgentius Danardana Murwani, Imanuel Deny Krisna Aji, Djoko Dwi Kusumojanto, Cipto Wardoyo, Stefan Yudana Jatiperwira

Abstract


In this study, we examined the effect of an entrepreneurship program based on experiential learning on attitudes and intentions. We used a quasi-experimental design. Data were collected by questionnaire from a sample of 200 students attending in an entrepreneurship program and another sample of 200 students as a control group. Our results indicate that the entrepreneurship program significantly improved students’ innovativeness, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial intention. Furthermore, the students in an entrepreneurship program have a higher (average) innovativeness, entrepreneurial selfefficacy, and entrepreneurial intention, at the end of the entrepreneurship program, than a control group of students”.

Keywords


experiential learning; quasi-experimental design; innovativeness; entrepreneurial self-efficacy; entrepreneurial intention

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ajzen, I. 1991. The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50(2), 179-211.

Babbie, E. 2014. The Basics of social research (6th ed.). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Bernardus, D., Murwani, F. D., Aji, I. D. K., and Dutha, I. D. G. S. W. 2018. Panduan pembelajaran entrepreneurship berbasis experiential learning (Preliminary Edition). Surabaya: Universitas Ciputra Surabaya.

Hansemark, O. C. 1998. The effects of an entrepreneurship programme on need for achievement and locus of control of reinforcement. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 4(1), 28-50.

Hatten, T. S. and Ruhland, S. K. 1995. Student attitude toward entrepreneurship as affected by participation in an SBI program. Journal of Education for Business, 70(4), 224-227.

Hindle, K. and Cutting, N. 2002. Can applied entrepreneurship education enhance job satisfaction and financial performance? An empirical investigation in the Australian pharmacy profession. Journal of Small Business Management, 40(2), 162-167.

Karimi, S., Biemans, H. J., Lans, T., Chizari, M., and Mulder, M. 2016. The impact of entrepreneurship education: A study of Iranian students’ entrepreneurial intentions and opportunity identification. Journal of Small Business Management, 54(1), 187-209.

Kickul, J., Gundry, L. K., Barbosa, S. D., and Whitcanack, L. 2009. Intuition versus analysis? Testing differential models of cognitive style on entrepreneurial self efficacy and the new venture creation process.Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33(2), 439-453.

Kim, H. Y.2013. Statistical notes for clinical researchers: Assessing normal distribution (2) using skewness and kurtosis. Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics, 38(1), 52-54.

Kolb, D. A. 1984. Experiential learning: Experience as the source of learning and development. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Liñán, F. and Chen, Y. W. 2009. Development and cross cultural application of a specific instrument to measure entrepreneurial intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33(3), 593-617.

McClave, J. T., Benson, P. G., and Sincich, T. 2014. Statistics for business and economics (12 th ed.). Essex: Pearson Education Limited.

Mueller, S. L. and Thomas, A. S. 2001. Culture and entrepreneurial potential: A nine country study of locus of control and innovativeness. Journal of Business Venturing, 16(1), 51-75.

Murwani, F. D. 2016. Model pendidikan entrepreneurship di perguruan tinggi: Upaya menumbuhkan entrepreneur dan intrapreneur dalam wadah entrepreneurial university. Pidato Pengukuhan Guru Besar pada Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Negeri Malang. Malang: Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Negeri Malang.

Murwani, F. D., Soetjipto, B. E., Wahjudono, D. B. K., Antonio, T., Djatmika, E. T., Hermawan, A., and Suryaman. 2017. Psychometric properties of the Indonesian version of the academic self-concept and the entrepreneurial self-efficacy scales. International Journal of Economic Research, 14(16), 269280.

Robinson, E. A., and Doueck, H. J. 1994. Implications of the pre/post/then design for evaluating social group work. Research on Social Work Practice, 4(2), 224-239.

Robinson, P. B., Stimpson, D. V., Huefner, J. C., and Hunt, H. K. 1991. An attitude approach to the prediction of entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 15(4), 13-32.

Roscoe, J. T. 1969. Fundamental research statistics for the behavioral sciences.New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.

Sánchez, J. C. 2013. The impact of an entrepreneurship education program on entrepreneurial competencies and intention. Journal of Small Business Management, 51(3), 447-465.

Siegal, S. 1956. Nonparametric statistics for the behavioral sciences. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Souitaris, V., Zerbinati, S., and Al-Laham, A. 2007. Do entrepreneurship programmes raise entrepreneurial intention of science and engineering students? The effect of learning, inspiration, and resources. Journal of Business Venturing, 22(4), 566-591.

Tuckman, B.W. and Harper, B.E. 2012. Conducting educational research(6 th ed.). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21776/ub.jam.2020.018.01.10

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.